Notre-Dame-des-Landes (France) (AFP) - Over 2,000 French police officers took part Monday in the expulsion of the last holdouts from an anti-capitalist camp at the site of an abandoned airport project near the western city of Nantes. Officers swarmed the site at Notre-Dame-des-Landes before dawn to evict around 100 of the protesters who had occupied it to prevent the construction of a controversial airport and then refused to leave after the project was ditched. The police fired tear gas to disperse the protesters, who hurled petrol bombs at the security forces and tried to block their advance with burning barricades of tyres and wooden pallets.
SPOKANE, Wash. (AP) — Seven decades after making key portions of the atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki, Japan, workers at the Hanford Nuclear Reservation are being exposed to radiation as they tear down buildings that helped create the nation's nuclear arsenal.
A marine photographer and scuba diving fanatic from Melbourne recorded a friendly spider crab as it approached her camera and seemed to give it a hug on April 6.PT Hirschfield said she was recording a group of spider crabs “on the march” in Port Phillip bay when one of them decided to chase her.She said the spider crab gave her underwater camera a cuddle before venturing off.She told Storyful that while some people might find spider crabs “creepy,” she spends a lot of time with them and finds them to be “truly sweet and gentle souls”. Credit: PT Hirschfield via Storyful
Scientists at Berkeley Labs have discovered a way to create long-lasting 3D-printed structures, some smaller than a human hair, entirely out of liquid by using a "nanoparticle supersoap" to keep the liquids separate.
By the age of three, wealthy children hear 30 million more words than their poor counterparts, according to a landmark 1995 study (pdf) by researchers Betty Hart and Todd Risley. The “30 million word gap” has since become shorthand for the gaping inequalities between high and low-income children. Hart and Risley also showed that the…
U.S. lawmakers and the farm industry were skeptical of the Trump administration’s promise to shield farmers from the rapidly escalating trade dispute between the United States and China, concerned about the lack of details in protecting the U.S. agricultural export sector now embroiled in the back-and-forth. Major farming states supported U.S. President Donald Trump in big numbers in the 2016 election, but lawmakers from those states were harsh in their criticism on Friday of proposed tariffs that have unsettled both the industry and agricultural trading markets.
Gambling physically alters the structure of the brain and makes people more prone to depression and anxiety, new research has shown. Scientists examining problem gamblers found they had more grey matter in and connections between regions linked to the mental conditions. They said the discovery could lead to new treatments for gambling addiction, through drugs or psychological techniques. Gambling has long been known to be associated with both debt and family difficulties as well as other mental health problems, such as depression. But the new findings, published in the journal Neuron, suggest the same system that causes affective disorders plays a role in a person's ability to tolerate economic risk. Symptoms | Depression Brain scans showed structural and functional connections between the amygdala and the mPFC are associated with individual differences in the degree to which a person accepts risk in order to achieve a greater financial return. The researchers recruited 108 healthy young adults who were asked to answer several questions involving their comfort with financial choices - each involving various levels of risk and reward. Study lead author Professor Joseph Kable, of the University of Pennsylvania, said: "Perhaps we can get a better assessment for someone's economic risk tolerance to provide the best advice possible for that particular individual. "The idea of using these brain markers and pairing them with some questionnaire or other assessments may help determine a better, more well-rounded sense of your tolerance for risk." The study identified individuals ranging from extremely risk-averse all the way to risk-seeking. Symptoms | Anxiety Separately, using MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) and DTI (diffusion tensor imaging), the researchers measured the connections between various parts of the participants' brains, homing in on the amygdala/mPFC system. They also measured the size of the amygdala, including volume of grey and white matter. To make an assessment of an individual's risk tolerance, the scientists correlated their assessment with the measures of brain structural and functional connectivity. They faced over 120 different scenarios involving the risk of making more or less money. Fixed-odds betting terminals can allow gamblers to lose £100 every 20 seconds Credit: SHAUN CURRY Prof Kable said: "We assessed how willing individuals were of accepting the risk of getting nothing for the chance of getting a higher amount of money." He added: "The three measurements - structural and functional connections and the volume of amygdala grey matter - reinforce each other to suggest there is something important about the function of this system related to differences in how tolerant people are to taking risk. "Just by looking at these features of your brain, we could have a reasonable idea if you are someone who will take lots of risk or not." Specifically, individuals with higher tolerance for risk in the study possessed a larger amygdala, with more grey matter, and more functional connections between the amygdala and mPFC as measured by MRI. Warning signs | Are you a problem gambler? And higher risk tolerance was identified in individuals with fewer structural connections or pathways between these areas, as measured by DTI. Now the researchers plan on collaborating with financial planning organisations to see how these brain-system findings can be used as a marker for risk tolerance involving larger economic-based decisions. More than two million people in the UK are either problem gamblers are at risk of addiction, according to a report published by the Gambling Commission last year. It found evidence of an increase in addiction among those using the controversial fixed-odds betting terminals, which can allow gamblers to lose £100 every 20 seconds.
By Shereen Lehman (Reuters Health) - When work, school and other scheduled activities are out of sync with a person's body clock, "social jetlag" results and diminishes performance, researchers say. The study team used a university computer system to follow nearly 15,000 students' daily rhythms and activities over two years. "Social jetlag is the misalignment between an individual’s circadian clocks and their environment due to social impositions like work or school," said study coauthor Aaron Schirmer of Northeastern Illinois University in Chicago.
Seven decades after making key portions of the atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki, Japan, workers at the Hanford Nuclear Reservation are being exposed to radiation as they tear down buildings that helped ...
It was a seemingly innocuous tweet: The police in the German state of North-Rhine Westphalia (NRW) were extending New Year’s greetings to residents. In addition to a missive in German, the department sent their well wishes in French, English, and Arabic.
The Trump administration's rollbacks of crucial climate change policies, from the intended pullout from the Paris Agreement to the scuttled Clean Power Plan, have earned most of the media attention and scorn from environmentalists. However, the ignorant climate science statements espoused by top federal officials, from the president to the administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to the secretary of Energy, and many others is having a corrosive effect on Americans' understanding of climate science. Recent public opinion polling clearly shows that Americans are more divided now than they were a year ago on the causes of global warming, its seriousness, and the urgency of taking action. SEE ALSO: Shell knew truth of global warming in 1980s; foresaw a Hurricane Sandy scenario While the majority of Americans still believe that global warming is caused by human activities, and that the effects of it have already begun, it's clear that the building drumbeat of flat out incorrect statements about climate science uttered by top officials is molding public opinion in a way that makes it harder for action to be taken on climate change. A recent Gallup poll, for example, found that Republicans and independents have become more skeptical in their views on climate change, while Democrats have become even more convinced of the need to urgently reduce greenhouse gas emissions to curb global warming. Results from recent Gallup polls on global warming views in U.S.Image: gallup.According to the Gallup poll, which is consistent with other public opinion surveys, majorities of Americans say that most scientists think global warming is taking place (66 percent), that it is caused by human activities (64 percent), and that its effects have already begun (60 percent). However, there's a hardening of the partisan divisions that's occurred under Trump. Gallup's annual survey on the environment, conducted during the first week of March, found that Americans are more divided than ever on climate change. "President Donald Trump, who has called global warming a "hoax," may have contributed to this widening divide by reversing a number of government actions to address the issue," Gallup wrote in their online analysis accompanying the poll results. Trump and his cabinet officials have also frequently misstated the scientific consensus on global warming in ways that cast doubt on the seriousness of the problem or even its existence. For example, Trump does not seem to know the difference between weather and climate, using a December cold snap to rebut evidence of global warming. In the East, it could be the COLDEST New Year’s Eve on record. Perhaps we could use a little bit of that good old Global Warming that our Country, but not other countries, was going to pay TRILLIONS OF DOLLARS to protect against. Bundle up! — Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) December 29, 2017 Scott Pruitt, the embattled EPA administrator, has openly questioned the scientifically solid link between increasing amounts of carbon dioxide in the air and global warming, telling CNBC last year that this long-lived greenhouse gas is not a "primary contributor" to global warming. (This is at odds with scientific knowledge documented in the 18th Century.) "I think that measuring with precision human activity on the climate is something very challenging to do and there's tremendous disagreement about the degree of impact, so no, I would not agree that it's a primary contributor to the global warming that we see," Pruitt said. The Gallup poll found that while 82 percent of Democrats think global warming has already begun, only 34 percent of Republicans agree. In fact, 32 percent of Republicans said climate change effects will "never happen." In addition, about 69 percent of Republicans said news reports exaggerate the seriousness of global warming, but 64 percent of Democrats say the seriousness of global warming is underestimated. Even though the vast majority of climate scientists know that global warming is human-caused and already occurring, going as far as saying in a 2017 government report that there is no natural explanation for the global warming we've seen in recent decades. The report, published by the Trump administration but released with little fanfare and ignored by Pruitt and others, stated: Yet despite such scientific assessments, a sizable 63 percent of Republicans think climate change is mostly due to natural causes, according to the Gallup poll. Climate scientists understand that the use of the bully pulpit to espouse unscientific nonsense does not come without consequences. In a Twitter thread on Friday, Texas Tech University climate researcher Katharine Hayhoe linked officials' statements with public opinion trends and a slowing down of urgently needed actions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions if we are to avoid the worst global warming impacts. Over the last year, we've seen an unprecedented level of obfuscation, rejection, and outright denial from politicians and both elected and appointed leaders. So it is no surprise that the opinions of those who support and endorse them have followed suit. No surprise at all. — Katharine Hayhoe (@KHayhoe) April 6, 2018 The cost of rejecting science is that our society is making decisions based on faulty & flawed information. We will be unprepared: for rising sea levels, stronger storms & droughts, increasing risks to our health, our economy, even national security. And we will pay the price. — Katharine Hayhoe (@KHayhoe) April 6, 2018 Tony Leiserowitz, senior research scientist and director of the Yale Program on Climate Change Communication, said up until the 2016 election, recognition of climate change as a real, important issue was growing within the Republican Party. But that has changed dramatically in the last year, which he attributes largely to cues coming from the party's leaders. “It’s the power of political elite cues,” he said, noting in an interview that partisans “... tend to listen to and follow the lead of what they hear from their political leaders.” After the rise of the Tea Party and Trump, Leiserowitz said, his polling group has also found a steep drop in Republican recognition of the scientific consensus on climate change. He said the Republicans made a “huge lurch to this new position that climate change is a hoax.” “They climbed way out not just a limb but the farthest twig of a limb.” He called his own group's findings and Gallup's conclusions evidence of the "Trump Effect" when it comes to climate change in particular. “Groups are getting farther and farther split apart,” Leiserowitz said. Lasting ramifications Climate science studies couldn't be more clear in showing that we're running out of time to make the emissions cuts that would avoid sharp rises in sea levels, more frequent and severe heat waves, and other extreme weather events. We may look back one day at the anti-science rhetoric of the past 15 months and realize this was the time when the fight for a so-called safe amount of climate change was lost, given that the U.S. is the world's second-largest emitter of greenhouse gases. Rolling back climate actions while also casting doubt on climate science has far-reaching consequences that could reverberate across generations, given that one molecule of carbon dioxide can remain in the air for at least 1,000 years. Think about that the next time the president tweets about a cold day as if it renders the mainstream scientific consensus on global warming moot, or the Energy secretary says that we should be relying more on fossil fuels and less on wind and solar power. WATCH: The lake that reminds them of home
In fact, the idea of prosecuting women for abortions has been kicking around on the fringes of the antiabortion movement for some time.? Back in 2014, conservative provocateur Kevin Williamson recommended (in a tweet and a podcast) execution, preferably by hanging, as the appropriate punishment.
If fMRI had been invented in the 18th century, scientists would have used neuroimaging to find biological evidence of poetic talent, murderousness, and wit. So argues Russell Poldrack, psychologist and neuroscientist at Stanford University, who believes the words we use to conceive of mental states have always drastically distorted the science of psychology. A century…
In terms of wider direct economic benefit from marine ecosystem services, the World Wildlife Fund’s (WWF's) report Reviving the Ocean Economy estimated the ocean to be worth $2.5 trillion annually—which would give the ocean a seat at the G7 table in its own right. People will inevitably, and with increasing urgency, turn to the sea and to coastal regions for places to live and for food, energy, and the new medicines and natural products of the future. The most visible effects of plastics in the ocean, which are attracting significant public attention, are the ingestion and entanglement of charismatic marine species such as birds, turtles, mammals, and fish.
A handful of firms and regulators hope that the electric revolution in cars will also take to the skies, helping the industry cope with an expected boom in travel and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. "Many people say that we must get rid of air transport because we will never be able to deal with emissions and noise, but this is an outdated approach," said Norwegian Transport Minister Ketil Solvik-Olsen, who recently hosted an aviation conference in Oslo. Norway, the largest oil and gas producer in western Europe, is paradoxically a pioneer in the field of electric transport.
On January 5, as Tokyo's commuters were struggling back to work after their long New Year break, blaring sirens from every phone pierced the sleepy atmosphere: "strong" earthquake coming. The message delivered via the country's alert system, part of its much-hyped J-Alert mechanism, warned of a big one directly hitting the Japanese capital -- potentially on the scale of the devastating 2011 earthquake that wrought massive destruction. It turned out that the system, which aims to give a precious few seconds to find shelter before a major earthquake strikes, had been tricked by an unusual seismological coincidence.
Astronomers have released stunning new images from one our closest galactic neighbors, the Small Magellanic Cloud—a dwarf galaxy located ‘just’ 200,000 light years from Earth. The pictures—which were taken using the MUSE instrument on the European Southern Observatory’s Very Large Telescope in Chile, as well as others—have helped researchers to identify an elusive object known as an isolated neutron star outside our own galaxy for the first time. This neutron star is essentially a stellar corpse buried among clouds of gas left over from a 2,000-year-old supernova—the titanic explosion that occurs at the end of a massive star’s life.
A century-long mystery over the identity of a 4,000-year-old Egyptian mummy has finally been solved by the FBI. It took a forensic scientist at the FBI, using advanced DNA sequencing technology, to say definitely that the head belonged to the governor himself. Odile Loreille, an FBI biologist, drilled into a tooth extracted from the skull, collected the powder and dissolved it in a chemical solution.